CFE’s Tax Top 5 Dec 2015





14 December 2015


1.      Latest update: CCCTB and EU-BEPS


Recent papers and statements suggest that the European Commission will, probably on 27 January 2016, present an “anti-BEPS package of legislative and non-legislative measures” that “addresses both third countries and intra-EU situations”.

The C(C)CTB re-launch will probably come in summer 2016, in the form two parallel Directive proposals, a 2CTB (without consolidation element) and a 3CTB (with consolidation). The 2CTB proposal should contain an element of temporary cross-border loss offset.

The Luxembourg Council presidency has prepared a consolidated anti-BEPS Directive proposal, reflecting the current state of discussions.


–         Council presidency paper: CCCTB state of play, 1.12.2015: EN

–         Outcomes of the Council meeting, Press release (p.6), 8.12.2015: EN

–         Luxembourg presidency anti-BEPS Directive proposal, Explanatory notes, 2.12.2015: EN

–        Luxembourg presidency anti-BEPS Directive proposal, 2.12.2015: EN



2.      CJEU decides on VAT treatment of property investment companies and their management


On 9 December 2015, the EU Court of Justice (CJEU) delivered its judgment on the VAT treatment of the management of property investment companies in the Dutch preliminary ruling case Fiscale Eenheid X, C-595/13.

According to the Court, these companies (meeting the conditions that capital is pooled by several investors who bear the risk connected with the management of the assets assembled in those companies with a view to purchasing, owning, managing and selling immovable property to derive a profit which will be distributed to all unit-holders in the form of a dividend, and those unit-holders benefit also from an increase in the value of their holding) are special investment funds in the meaning of the VAT Directive,  if the member state concerned has made those companies subject to specific state supervision. The exemption of ‘management’ however does not refer to the actual management of the immovable properties, but only to the management of the company itself.


–        Judgment: EN (All EU languages)

–        Opinion of Advocate-General Kokott: EN



3.      Ten countries give details on joint Financial Transaction Tax


On 8 December 2015, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain issued a statement expressing their intention to progress jointly on the introduction of a Financial Transaction Tax and listing the main features of this tax:

As the statement reads, the tax should cover all share transactions (including intra-day) in the chain, except agents and clearing members, when acting as facilitators. In order to sustain liquidity in illiquid market configurations, a narrow market making exemption might be required, which reportedly is a concession to France. The tax would be paid by traders in one of the participating countries, while it is remains to be determined whether to start only with shares issued in these states. Important elements in this determination would include relocation risks and administrative costs.

For derivatives, the territorial scope should combine the residence and issuance principles with application of the counterparty principle. The aim is to apply a low rate to the widest possible base, but not to impact on the cost of sovereign borrowing.

For option-type derivatives, the tax base should be based on the option premium; for other derivative products, the base could be the market value or a notional amount (these would be term-adjusted if the product has a maturity date). In some cases, adjustments to the tax rates or to the definition of the tax base might be necessary in order to avoid distortions.

No exemption for market making activities should be granted.

The countries stress that further impact analysis is still required. Agreement on all remaining issues should be reached by the end of June 2016.

Estonia has left the group over concerns that it would hardly get any revenue and that traders would be encouraged to relocate, as most of the shares traded by Estonia´s financial institutions are issued in non-participating countries.


–        Text of the joint statement, Council press release (p.4-5), 8.12.2015: EN

–        Reuters article: EN

–        Council presidency note on the state of the FTT, 26.11.2015: EN



4.      Automatic exchange of information on cross-border tax rulings/APAs formally adopted


On 8 December 2015, the EU Ecofin Council formally adopted the amendment to the Directive on Administrative Cooperation, introducing the automatic exchange on cross-border tax rulings and advance pricing agreements as of January 2017. A transitional regime applies to rulings issued or amended from 2012 to 2016. Agreement had been reached by the Ecofin Council on 6 October.


–        Tax rulings information exchange, Press release, 8.12.2015: EN ( All EU languages)

–        Outcomes of the Council meeting, Press release, 8.12.2015: EN

–        Text adopted: EN


5.      Conference: “EU Tax Policy in the 21st Century” on 14 January 2016 in Luxembourg


The conference co-organised by the University of Luxembourg and the ECJ Task Force of the CFE will address both the internal and external dimension of current EU tax policy, covering the EU reaction to BEPS, a new CCCTB proposal and VAT matters, as well as the role of the judiciary in EU tax policy, including, among other, state aid.


–        Programme: EN





The selection of the remitted material has been prepared by Piergiorgio Valente / Filipa Correia / Rudolf Reibel

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7 December 2015


1.      Commission investigates into Luxembourg tax rulings concerning McDonald´s


On 3 December 2015, the European Commission opened formal in depth-investigations into two rulings concerning the tax treatment of McDonald’s in Luxembourg. The Commission´s preliminary view is that McDonald’s has been granted a selective advantage not available to other companies in a comparable factual and legal situation, in breach of EU state aid rules. In particular, the Commission will assess whether Luxembourg authorities derogated from the provisions of their national tax law and the Luxembourg-US Double Taxation Treaty.

The rulings concern royalties from franchisees in Europe to the Luxembourg company McDonald’s Europe Franchising which were then transferred to a US branch of that company. The Luxembourg authorities had confirmed that McDonald’s Europe Franchising was not due to pay corporate tax in Luxembourg as they considered the US branch a permanent establishment (PE) and the profits to be subject to taxation in the US. This however was not the case, as the US branch was not a PE under US law. Luxembourg tax authorities decided not to require McDonald´s Europe Franchising to prove that taxes were paid in the US.

The opening of an in-depth investigation gives interested third parties and the member states concerned an opportunity to comment. It does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation.


–        Press release: EN (FR available)

–        Commission decision: Search case number SA.38945 in the Commission´s state aid register (not yet released)


2.      “Taxation Trends 2015” published


On 2 December 2015, the European Commission published its report “Taxation Trends 2015” containing historical and recent data on tax and social security rates and revenues, specific features of the main taxes (PIT, CIT, VAT, SSC and wealth and transaction taxes), and an overview of the latest tax reforms in all EU member states, plus Iceland and Norway.


–        Full edition: EN

–        Country chapters: EN

–        Press release: EN (DE FR available)


3.      EP TAXE Committee gets new mandate


On 2 December 2015, the European Parliament set up another Special Committee on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect, dubbed “TAXE 2” to continue the work of the TAXE Special Committee whose term has expired. The new Special Committee whose composition is identical to TAXE will have six months to look into on harmful corporate tax regimes and practices, the work of the Commission in the areas of state aid and taxation, and aggressive tax planning.


–        Press release: EN

–        EP decision, 2.12.2015: EN (all EU languages)

–        TAXE report adopted on 25.11.2015: EN (all EU languages)


4.      EP ECON adopts report on more corporate tax transparency


On 1 December 2015, the European Parliament´s ECON (Economic and Monetary Affairs) Committee adopted a (non-binding) report containing corporate tax policy recommendations to the European Commission. Among others, the ECON members recommend that the Commission should

–        table a proposal for country-by-country reporting (CBCR) by June 2016, on the basis of the OECD (BEPS Action 13) proposals;  the reports uses diplomatic language, asking for the EP´s –favourable- opinion on publication of CBCR to be considered, without explicitly demanding that the proposal should contain a provision on CBCR information to be public.

–        table a proposal for introducing a “Fair Tax Payer” label,

–        introduce a Common Tax Base (CCTB) as a first step, which later on should be consolidated as well (CCCTB),

–        table a proposal for a common European Tax Identification Number,

–        table a proposal for legal protection of whistle-blowers,

–        improve cross-border taxation dispute resolution mechanisms,

–        table a proposal for a new mechanism whereby member states should inform each other before introducing a new allowance, relief, exception, incentive, etc. that may affect the tax base of others,

–        strengthen the mandate and improve transparency of the Council Code of Conduct Working Group on Business Taxation,

–        provide guidelines regarding “patent boxes”,

–        come up with common definitions for “permanent establishment” and “economic substance”,

–        come up with an EU definition of “tax haven” and counter-measures for those who use them; and

–        consider mandatory reporting of certain tax schemes by tax advisers and possible sharing of this information among tax authorities.

The EP plenary vote on the report is currently scheduled for 16 December 2015.


–        Press release: EN

–        Report: EN




The selection of the remitted material has been prepared by Piergiorgio Valente / Filipa Correia / Rudolf Reibel

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